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The New Era Paper
Sweet Home, Oregon
October 24, 2012     The New Era Paper
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October 24, 2012

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le , 'r. - October 24, 2012 OUTDOORS Page 13 Ten Essentials keep you prepared for anything Most people can survive a night out on the town but few are able to survive a night out in the woods. This is the time of year when headlines often highlight search-and-rescue missions for lost hunters, hikers or campers. If you want to avoid being one of these statistics, there's a list of simple items that you should carry in your pack. Known as The Ten Essen- tials, this list was developed back in the 1930s by the climbing club The Mountaineers and hasn't changed too much over time. The list should guide you in preparing for any trip in any season. The purpose of the list is to answer two basic questions: 1) Can you respond positively to an accident or emergency? 2) Can you safely spend a night, or more, out? Nights are now getting down into the 30s and even 20s in the higher mountains, plus the weath- er is more unpredictable this time of year so being prepared for any- thing is essential. This is as important on short, local jaunts as it is on long, back- country trips. It's easy to forget a first aid kit or a warm jacket on a short trip, but it could quickly turn into a long trip if you get lost or injured. Here's the list of The Ten Es- sentials: 1. Navigation 2. Sun Protection 3. Insulation 4. Illumination 5. First Aid Supplies 6. Fire 7. Repair Kit 8. Nutrition 9. Hydration 10. Emergency Shelter Navigation For navigation, a topographic map and compass are essential. A GPS and wrist altimeter could also be included. A com- pass, along with map-reading skills, is a vital tool if you become disoriented in the backcountry. Unlike a GPS, a compass weighs next to nothing and doesn't rely on batteries. Many compasses are equipped with a sighting mirror, which can be used to signal a helicopter or res- cuer during an emergency. Sun Protection On any outing, you need to protect yourself from the sun. This may require sunglasses, sun- screen, lip balm and lightweight, skin-shielding clothing. The sun's UVB rays can burn your skin and have also been linked to the development of cat- aracts. For added protection, con- sider wraparound lenses to keep light (and wind) from entering the corners of your eyes. If you plan on being in the snow you'll need extra-dark glacier glasses. When choosing sunscreen, get one with a sun protection fac- tor (SPF) of least 15 through SPF 30 and one that blocks harmful UVA and UVB rays. Most peo- ple apply too little and not often enough. Dermatologists recommend one ounce to cover your arms, legs, neck and face. You should apply it before your outing and at least a few hours later. As for lip balm, get one with an SPF rat- ing. OUTDOORS Scott Staats Today's outdoor clothing is made with lightweight, synthetic material that comes with an ul- traviolet protection factor (UPF). Of course, when the weather gets colder your heavier clothes will block the sun but you'll still need sunscreen on your face and neck. Insulation When considering what type of clothing to wear on a trip you should ask yourself, "What's needed to survive the worst con- ditions that could be encoun- tered?" Remember that conditions can change quickly to wet, windy and cold, so it's smart to carry an extra layer of clothing in case you get lost or hurt and have to spend more time than planned exposed to the elements. You can always wrap a fleece jacket around your waist or put it in the bottom of your pack. When the weather does get colder you definitely want to pack some kind of insulating hat since it can pro- vide more warmth for its weight than any piece of clothing. Illumination A small flashlight or head- lamp is lightweight and doesn't take up that much room in your pack. Headlamps are the top choice since they offer hands- free operation. Lights with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are more advan- tageous over those with incan- descent bulbs since they offer longer battery life, can handle rougher conditions (no filaments to break) and provide comparable light output. Most headlamps today offer a strobe mode, which is a great option to have for emergency situations. Headlamps offer their lon- gest battery life while in strobe mode. And don't forget to pack spare batteries and a spare bulb, if your light is equipped with an incandescent bulb. First Aid Supplies Whether you build your own kit or buy a first aid kit, be sure it includes treatments for blisters, adhesive bandages of various siz- es, several gauze pads, adhesive tape, disinfecting ointment, over- the-counter pain medication, pen and paper. It's also a good idea to carry some sort of compact guide that deals with medical emergencies. Fire One of the best options for starting a fire has always been waterproof matches stored in a waterproof container. The typical matchbooks are often too flimsy and are worthless if they get wet. A lighter can be handy, but al- ways carry matches as a backup. There are lots of firestarter tools on the market today, such as the nanoStriker (www.exotac. cam), that work even when wet and can produce up to 1,000 fire- starting strikes. Potential firestarter material includes dry tinder in a plastic bag, candles, priming paste, heat nuggets (chipped-wood clusters soaked in resin) and even lint trappings from the clothes dryer. Repair Kit and Tools A knife or a multi-tool that has a knife is handy for gear re- pair, food preparation, first aid, making kindling or other emer- gency needs. A knife or multi-tool should have at least one foldout blade, one or two screwdrivers, a can opener and a pair of foldout scis- sors. Duct tape is always handy. You can wrap strips of it around a water bottle or a trekking pole for easy access when needed. Nutrition Experts advise packing at least an extra day's worth of food in your pack. This could include a freeze-dried meal, or extra en- ergy bars, nuts, dried fruits or jerky. Since digesting food helps keep your body warm, it's best to eat something just before having to spend a cold night out. Hydration Depending on the length of your hike, you should carry one to two quarts of water per person. On .longer outings, you should consider a collapsible water res- ervoir and some sort of water "When you think trucks, think Crockers" 2004 Alumaweld 2004 Ford F350 Super 2006 Harley Davidson Strryker 17' Duty Super Cab Fatboy Nice Boall Open floorplan, Lariat Pickup 4D Bit Screaming Eagle Edition complete inspection done. Nice pulling machine! Fully loaded What a beautiful machine! Mercury 50ELPTO, with all the right options, Lots of chrome on this bad boy. forward fuel tank, Rogue trailer, etc. including leather stock#8154 Stock#8311 CALL FOR [}ETAILS... CALL FOR PRICE... 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