Newspaper Archive of
The New Era Paper
Sweet Home, Oregon
September 26, 2012     The New Era Paper
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September 26, 2012

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Page 12 raft He, mr Nn CAhr m I,  r,,- September 26, 2012: Now is best time plant garlic for rapid spring growth By Tiffany Woods Oregon State University Writer Fall is approaching but don't put away your hoe and gardening gloves just yet. September through November is the best time to plant garlic. Its roots develop in the fall and winter, and by early spring they can support the rapid leaf growth that is necessary to form large bulbs, said Chip Bubl, a horticulturist with the Oregon State University Extension Service. What type of garlic should you plant? Some gardeners like to grow top-setting garlic, also called hardneck. Common hardneck types include Korean, Siberian, Music, Chesnock Red, German Red and Spanish Roja. These varieties pro- duce tiny bulblets at the end of a tall flowering stalk in addition to a fat underground bulb of cloves. Softneck garlic, on the other hand, rarely produces floral stems and tends to grow bigger bulbs be- cause energy isn't diverted to top-set bulblets. Softneck varieties include Silverskin, Inchelium Red, Califor- nia Early and California Late. Some enthusiasts say top- setting garlic has a richer, more pungent flavor than non-flowering types. Both can be harvested in ear- ly spring like green onions and sau- tred as a side dish. Or you can allow them to mature until mid-July when they become a bulb with cloves. Another type, elephant garlic, is actually a type of leek that produces large, mild-tasting cloves - usually fewer per bulb than the true garlics. Bubl offers the following tips for growing garlic: • Lime the soil prior to final bed shaping if you haven't done so recently. Before planting cloves, work a couple tablespoons of 5-10- 10 complete fertilizer, bone meal or fish meal into the soil several inches below where the base of the garlic will rest. Select healthy large cloves, free of disease. The larger the clove, the bigger the bulb you will get the following summer. • Plant the garlic in full sun in well-drained soil. A sandy, clay loam is best. In heavier soil, plant it in raised beds that are 2 to 3 feet wide and at least 10 to 12 inches tall. A single 10-foot row should yield about five pounds of the fragrant bulbs. Garlic is rarely damaged by insects. • Fertilize garlic in the early spring by side dressing or broadcast- ing with blood meal, pelleted chick- en manure or a synthetic source of nitrogen. Just before the bulbs begin to swell in response to lengthening daylight (usually early May), ferti!- ize lightly one more time. • Dig, then dry the mature bulbs in a shady, warm, dry and well- ventilated area for a few days. Then remove the tops and roots. Brush dirt off the bulbs. To braid garlic to- gether, harvest it a bit earlier while leaves are green and supple. • Avoid bruising the garlic, as it will not store well. Store bulbs in a dark, dry and well-ventilated place. Protect from high humidity and freezing. Do not store garlic in the refrigerator because cool tem- peratures combined with moisture stimulate sprouting. Properly stored garlic should last until the next crop is harvested the following summer. RECYCLE: Recycling is something that everyone can easily do, and it really does make a big difference. Here are some simple recycling guidelines for Sweet Home: Items Accepted for Recvclina All items must be free of food and other contaminants. Please rinse properly. PAPER: Mixed waste paper • Magazines & catalogues • Newspaper • Telephone books • Junk mail • Cardboard • Cereal & other dry food boxes * Paper bags & sacks • I/2 gallon or larger milkcartons & juice boxes • Shredded paper ° Gift wrap METALS: Aluminum cans ° Soda cans • Tin cans ° Aluminum foil * Pots & pans :. , PLASTICS (larger than 6 oz.): Plastic dairy tubs • Plastic jugs ° Plastic jars • Plastic bottles Makina use of your mountain ofplasUc bags: baskets up to surround items when you're packaging as an alrnaflveto bubble wrap. • Use them in the garden to hold your grass cuttings and hedge trimmings before transfer to a compost bin. • Use them when packing for a holiday to keep dirty/wet clothes and shoes away from dry clothing. Making use of your mountain of paper:. • After children's drawings and paintings have been displayed for a while they can be used to Wrap presents. • Old calendars, colorful pictures, etc. can be used to make your own envelopes. You can unstick a used envelope and use it as a template for making envelopes. • Junkmail can be used as scrap paper, or as bedding for pets. • Pet shops appreciate old newspapers. • Old magazines are appreciated by: • Doctor and Dentist Offices • Motels - Friends • Making use of household waste in the garden: -Aluminum trays from pies and cakes make ideal 'drip ;aucers' to put under potted plants. Lawn clippings can beused to cover weeds and keep them m growing in the garden through winter. Broken crockery can be used as drainage at the bottom of potted plants. ,Old newspapers (including those from your frlends) can be '2,, control the garden. Wet newspaper and place thickly on the garden. Cover with - bark or stones. • Plastic milkbotfles can be used to hold snail bait and are pet proof.